Peer Review process plays an important role for the best outcome of an article. All the Editors, Reviewers and Authors need to acknowledge the mails that are received from the Editorial Office within the desired time to enable swift process.
Editors are entitled to pre-screen reject submissions at this stage based on the nature of the study, quantity and quality of data, general conclusions, standard of presentation, language quality and if the article falls outside of the journal’s scope.
Articles that pass the pre-screening stage will be sent to typically two independent reviewers or editorial board members. Reviewers will review the paper for originality and significance of the work described, and judge its acceptability for publication. The reviewers may also make critical comments and, where necessary, suggest improvements or additional experiments that could be done in support of the findings.
If the Editor is facing difficulty in obtaining reviewers, then he/she may also act as a reviewer or seek comments from another Editor. Authors may suggest at least three reviewers upon submitting their paper, ensuring that an institutional email address is provided. The use of reviewers suggested by the authors is at the discretion of the Editor after checks have been made to validate the suggested reviewers’ details and authenticity.
After reviewer recommendations have been obtained, it is the Editor who makes the final decision as to the acceptability of the article, based on the reviews and their own assessment of the article.
There are three possible decision types: accept, revise (major or minor) and reject. Revise decisions imply that the article requires modifications that could be carried out within a specified time frame.