Water Quality Profiles of Fish Farms from the District Attock, Pakistan

Author's: Muhammad Arfan Hadyait*, Asif Ali, Ehsan Mahmood Bhatti
Authors' Affiliations
Fish Quality Control Labs, Fisheries Research and Training Institute, Manawan, Lahore Pakistan.*Corresponding Author: Muhammad Arfan Hadyait;Email: marfan39@gmail.com
Article Type: Research Article     Published: Apr. 30, 2020 Pages: 85-91
DOI:        Views 740       Downloads 0


The survival and optimum growth of cultured fish largely depend upon the good water quality. The aim of the study was to provide an overview of fish farms in the Attock District for suitability and development of fish farming. Water samples from five sites (Garyala, Fatehjang, Hattian, Hazro, and Hassan Abdal) in triplicates were collected randomly in July 2017. The mean value and standard deviation of all the selected water quality parameters were as turbidity (96.12 ± 24.57 NTU), cadmium (0.001 ± 0.001 mg/L), chromium (0.003 ± 0.002 mg/L), lead (0.060 ± 0.012 mg/L), pH (7.78 ± 0.21), conductivity (366.66 ± 66.41 µS/cm), salinity (210.60 ± 66.86 mg/L), TDS (259.60 ± 87.33 mg/L), total alkalinity (82.16 ± 26.36 mg/L), total hardness (66.32 ± 29.16 mg/L), chloride (31.72 ± 4.28 mg/L), sulfite (19.60 ± 4.78 mg/L) and carbon dioxide (8.44 ± 2.42 mg/L)) were found to be almost within the suitable range for fish culture. Hence, this study revealed that the water quality of the Attock District can profitably be used for fish culture.


Water quality; Attock District; Fish farms; Physico-chemical parameters.


Hadyait, M.A., Ali, A., Bhatti, E.M., 2020. Water Quality Profiles of Fish Farms from the District Attock, Pakistan. PSM Biol. Res., 5(2): 85-91.