Prevalence of Tissue Parasites in Cattle and Buffaloes Slaughtered in El-Minia Governorate Abattoirs, Egypt
The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of meat borne parasitic infection in 170 animals (120 cattle and 50 buffaloes) slaughtered in El-Minia Governorate abattoirs, during the period from June 2017 to May 2018. The obtained data were statistically analyzed by SPSS software using ANOVA test at 95% confidence level (P ≤ 0.05). The study revealed the overall prevalence in cattle was 35%, the incidence of Fasciola spp. (23.3%), Cysticercus bovis (6.6%), Sarcocyst spp. (0%) and hydatid cyst (5%). On the other hand, total prevalence in buffaloes was 52%, which include Fasciola spp., (30%), C. bovis (6%), Sarcocyst spp. (12%), and Hydatid cyst (4%). Older cattle and buffaloes were more susceptible than young (P ≤ 0.05). The seasonal prevalence rate of infection with Fasciola spp. and hydatid cyst was highest in Autumn at (P ≤ 0.05). The predilection site of C. bovis was significantly highest in the heart of cattle and buffaloes 75% and 100% respectively (P ≤ 0.05). Hydatid cyst mainly present in the lung and liver of cattle and buffalo 6% and 2% respectively. While Sarcocystis spp. in buffaloes were significantly higher in esophagus 50%. It can be concluded that parasitic infection among beef production livestock has its hazardous zoonotic significance causing serious economic losses.
Fasciola, Hydatid, Cysticercus, Sarcocystis, Cattle, Buffalo.
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