Prevalence of Surgical Affections and their Risk Factors in Goats in Selected Upazilas of Chuadanga District, Bangladesh

Author's: Abdus Salam, Mst. Antora Akter, Md. Mizanur Rahman, Rukhsana Amin Runa*
Authors' Affiliations
Department of Surgery and Obstetrics, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.*CorrespondenceRukhsana Amin RunaEmail:ramin.so@bau.edu.bd
Article Type: Research Article     Published: Feb. 05, 2022 Pages: 1-10
DOI:        Views 282       Downloads 0

Abstract

Surgical affections are frequent in goats, and they have a significant detrimental impact on the animals’ development, production, and survivorship, resulting in significant financial losses. The current study assessed the prevalence of surgical affections and the risk factors associated with the occurrence of surgical affections in goats at Alamdanga and Chuadanga Sadar Upazila in Chuadanga district. The surgical affections were classified on the basis of age, sex, seasons, and breed. Simple descriptive statistics were applied to analyze the data. The prevalence of castration was higher among all the surgical affections in both Upazilas. The other common surgical affections were subcutaneous cysts (11.65% and 13.59%), fractures (9.71% and 10.68%), myiasis (9.71% and 8.35%), and wounds (7.77% and 8.74%), followed by an abscess (5.83% and 4.08%), gid disease (3.88% and 2.91%), overgrowth of the hoof (3.88% and 2.52%), navel ill (1.94% and 2.91%), atresia ani (2.91% and 2.33%), and dog bite (1.94% and 1.17%) in Alamdanga and Chuadanga Sadar Upazila, respectively. Gangrenous mastitis was very low in both Upazilas which was 1.94% only. In both Upazilas, the navel ill and castration were more in young goats, whereas gangrenous mastitis, overgrown hoofs, and gid disease were greater in adult goats.  According to sex variation, gid disease was more in females, and sub-cutaneous cysts navel ill and atresia ani were in male goats.  The surgical affections were highest in summer (44.66% and 40.97%), followed by the rainy season (27.77% and 30.87%) and winter (27.57% and 28.16%) in Alamdanga and Chuadanga Sadar Upazila, respectively. In this study, a higher occurrence of all surgical affections was found in Black Bengal goats compared to Jamunapari in both Upazilas. This present study will help to understand the prevalence of various surgical conditions in this field, depending on age, sex, breed, and season, which will help to reduce the number of surgical conditions in goats in these areas.

Keywords

Chuadanga,

Goat,

Prevalence,

Risk factors,

Surgical affections.

Running title

Surgical affections in goats

Authors’ Contribution

AS and RAR conceived and designed the study; AS collected and analyzed data; AS and RAR performed experiments. RAR and MMR supervised the study. AS, MAA, MMR, and RAR wrote, revised, and edited the paper and RAR gave final approval for publication.

How to cite

Salam, A., Akter, M.A., Rahman, M.M., Runa, R.A., 2022. Prevalence of Surgical Affections and their Risk Factors in Goats in Selected Upazilas of Chuadanga District, Bangladesh. PSM Vet. Res., 7(1): 1-10.

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