Potassium Response against Incidence of Cotton Leaf Curl Virus Disease and its Effect on Seed Cotton Yield
*CorrespondenceAbdul Wahab SoomroEmail:email@example.com
DOI: Views 249 Downloads 0
Seed cotton yield is being declined because of several environmental stresses (biotic and abiotic). Among these stresses, cotton leaf curl virus disease has caused a severe threat to the production of cotton crops in Pakistan. In this connection, a field experiment was conducted at Central Cotton Research Institute, Sakrand, Sindh for two consecutive years to determine response of potassium (K) nutrition against the infestation of CLCuV disease and seedcotton yield. The experiment was designed in randomized complete block (RCBD) with four replications. Three potassium were applied 0 (control), 50, 100, and 150 kg K2O ha-1. A basal dose of 170-60 kg N: P205 ha-1 was common to all the replications and the cultivar was Bt.CRIS-508. The results showed that yield and its related components i.e. boll formation plant-1, boll weight, and seed index were significantly improved by the addition of K application and were observed highest with the application of 150 kg K2O ha-1 on both consecutive years. Data for K concentration in different plant parts differed significantly and increased linearly with increasing K-level. Potassium concentration increased linearly with increasing K-levels. The absorption of K by various plant parts increased with a concurrent increase in varying levels of K-fertilizer. An averaged across levels, the relative K concentration in plant parts was found in decreasing in order of leaves, burs, stem, seed, and lint. Results for the incidence of CLCuV disease significantly reduced due to K levels. The K fertilizer application resulted in the reduction of CLCuV disease spread at its mild infection levels.
AK wrote the manuscript. BUP and VS designed experiments and collected data. NS collected CLCV data. AWS analyzed the data and revised the paper.
How to cite
Keerio, A., Panhwar, B.U., Suthar, V., Soomro, A.W., Shah, N., 2022. Potassium Response against Incidence of Cotton Leaf Curl Virus Disease and its Effect on Seed Cotton Yield. PSM Biol. Res., 7(2): 52-58.
Cotton Review, 2020. Monthly Cotton Statistically Bulletin. Director marketing & economic research, Pakistan Central Cotton Committee. 52(7):1-12.
El-Nur, E., 1967. Annual report, 1966-67. Agric. Res. Div., Sudan, p. 13-29.
Iqbal, M., Naeem, M., Aziz, U., Afzal J., Khan, M. A., 2014. An overview of cotton leaf curl virus disease, persistent challenge for cotton production. Bulgarian J. Agri. Sci., 20(2): 405-415.
Irshad, M., Abbas, G., Aslam, Z., Abbas, Z., Aslam, M., Khokhar, M.B., Amer, M., 2012. Nutrient management for cotton leaf curl virus (CLCV), Begonovirus. Crop & Environ., 3(1-2):32-36.
Kafkafi, U. G., Xu, P. I., Magen, H., Tarchitzky, J., 2001. Hand Book of Potassium, and Chloride in Crops, and Soils. Cham: International Potash Institute Basel, 220.
Makhdum, M.I., Ashraf, M., Pervez, H., 2007. Effect of plant nutrition of elemental composition in irrigated cotton grown in aridisols. J. Chem. Soc. Pak., 29(4): 275-285.
Marschner, P., 2012. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, 3rd Ed. Academic Press: London, UK., pp. 178–189.
Mengel, K., Kirkby. E.A., 1978. Potassium. In: Principles of plant nutrition. International Potash Institute, Bern, Switzerland, p. 367-390.
NFDC., 2003. Fertilizers and their use in Pakistan. National Fertilizer Development Centre (NFDC), Islamabad.
NFDC., 2012. AnnualFertilizer Review 2010-11. National Fertilizer Development Centre (NFDC), Islamabad. httt://www.nfdc.gov.pk
Oosterhuis, D.M., Gomez, S.K., Meek, C.R., 2000. In: Proc. Beltwide Cotton Conference. National Cotton Council of America, Memphus TN, USA, 712.
Perrenoud, S., 1990. Potassium and plant health. 2nd Ed., International Potash Institute: Bern, Switzerland, 1990; pp. 8–10.
Pervez, H., Ashraf, M., Makhdum, M.I., Mahmood, T., 2007. Potassium nutrition of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in relation to cotton leaf curl virus disease in aridosols. Pak. J. Bot., 39(2): 529-539.
Prasad, D., Singh, R., Singh, A., 2010. Management of sheath blight of rice with integrated nutrients. Indian Phytopathol., 63: 11–15.
Ryan, J., Estefan, G., Rashid, A., 2001. Soil and Plant Analysis Laboratory Manual. 2nd Ed. Jointly published by the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria and the National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Islamabad, Pakistan.
Shah, A., 1996. Yield and potassium nutrition of wheat in relation to long term use of organic amendments and mineral fertilizers. MSc. Thesis. Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Crop Production, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam.
Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H., Dicky., 1997. Principles and procedures of statistics- a biochemical approach. 3rd. Ed. McGraw-Hill Book International Co., Singapore.
USDA., 2017. Recovery Plan. Cotton leaf curl disease caused by a leaf curl virus complex (Begomovirus, Geminiviridae): Whitefly-transmitted ssDNA viruses with ssDNA satellites, causing diseases of cotton, vegetables, and ornamentals. P.5.https://www.ars.usda.gov/ARSUserFiles/OPMP/CLCuVRecoveryPlan_FINAL_Dec2.17.pdf
Wang, L., Chen, F., 2012. Genotypic variation of potassium uptake and use efficiency in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L). J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci., 175(2): 303-308.
Wang, M., Zheng, Q., Shen, Q., Guo, S., 2013. The critical role of potassium in plant stress response. A Review. Int. J. Mol. Sci., 14, 7370-7390.
Xiong, Z., Nadeem, A., Weng, Z., Nelson, M., 2004 Cotton leaf curl virus is distinct from cotton leaf crumple virus. University of Arizona. pp: 25-55.
Zafar, Z. U., Athar, H.U.R., 2013. Reducing disease incidence of cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV) in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) by potassium supplementation. Pak. J. Bot., 45(3): 1029–1038.
Zia-ul-hassan, Arshad, M., 2010. Cotton growth under potassium deficiency stress is influenced by photosynthetic apparatus and root system. Pak. J. Bot., 42(2): 917-925.