Mortality Rate of Cancer in Patients attending Mayo Hospital Lahore, Pakistan

Author's: Mehwish Saleem1,2*, Sana Amjad2, Asfa Ashraf3,4, Muhammad Naeem Iqbal4,5
Authors' Affiliations
1Microbiology Laboratory, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore Pakistan.2Department of Zoology, Govt. Post-Graduate Islamia College (W) Cooper Road, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.3The School of Life Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350117, China.4Pakistan Science Mission (PSM), Narowal (Noor Kot 51770), Pakistan.5The School of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China.*Corresponding Author: Mehwish Saleem;Email: shumailm124@gmail.com
Article Type: Data Analysis     Published: Sep. 30, 2020 Pages: Online first
DOI:        Views 52       Downloads 0

Abstract:

This retrospective study was conducted to determine the mortality rate of cancer in patients attending Mayo Hospital Lahore, Pakistan. The data was obtained from the medical record of the hospital for a period of 2 years that is from 2016 to 2017. All data were collected using standardized data collection Performa and analyzed by using SPSS-20. During the study period, a total of 3610 patients were registered in the hospital. One thousand seven hundred and fifty-seven (48%) were male while one thousand eight hundred and fifty-three (52%) were female. The mortality rate of cancer was high, a total of 206 patients expired at the hospital while most of the patients leave the hospital at the most serious stage of the disease. The mortality rate of cancer was slightly higher in males as compared to females, there were 111 (53.88%) males and 95 (46.11%) females out of 206 patients who were expired as a result of cancer. The highest mortality rate was observed in the patients of breast cancer (15%) followed by the cancer of oral cavity (12%), blood cancer (10%), lymphoma (9.7%), liver cancer (6.31%), lung cancer (6.3%), bone cancer (5%) and ovarian cancer (4.36%) of total cancer mortalities in last two years. The delay in diagnosis associated with high stage cancer can result in a higher mortality rate. The study concluded that the incidence rate of breast cancer was highest among all cancer types during the study period. Further investigation should be done to determine the cause of cancer deaths so that better prevention should be done to reduce the mortality rate.

Keywords:

Cancer mortality rate, breast cancer, blood cancer, liver cancer, ovarian cancer.

Citation:

Saleem, M., Amjad, S., Ashraf, A., Iqbal, M.N., 2020. Mortality Rate of Cancer in Patients attending Mayo Hospital Lahore, Pakistan. PSM Microbiol., 5(3): MB-2020-043.