Method of Bill Trimming can Affect the Behaviour, Performance, and Welfare of Mule Duck

Author's: Fatma A.M. Ahmed*
Authors' Affiliations
Animal Behaviour and Husbandry Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag, 82524, Egypt.
*CorrespondenceFatma A.M. AhmedEmail:ftm_abushanief@yahoo.com
Article Type: Research Article     Published: Apr. 24, 2022 Pages: 11-19
DOI:        Views 384       Downloads 0

Abstract:

In the poultry industry, debeaking is an efficient strategy to reduce feather pecking and cannibalism. For this study, researcher compared the behavioural, performance, and well-being effects of two debeaking consequences on Mule ducks. In this study, 15-day-old Mule ducks were separated into three groups named: control, scissor, and hot searing. The ducks were weighed every week. Scanning was used to evaluate ducks’ behaviour, and feather condition was scored on a scale of 0 to 3. There were no significant variations in behavioural patterns like drinking and preening across the treatment groups (P>0.05). Feeding, sitting, sleeping, walking, pecking the environment and pecking other ducks were all significantly reduced in the hot searing group as compared to that of control and scissor groups. However, the group that was subjected to the hot searing experienced a significant increase in standing behaviour. Compared to the other groups, hot searing debeaking showed higher average daily, weekly, and ultimate weight gains (g). The type of debeaking had no effect on the ducks’ average viability. By week four, control ducks had lower feather scores than the other two groups, and they continued to decline more quickly than the feathers of the trimmed ducks (P<0.05). Even though both techniques of trimming cause acute pain, it appears that using scissors is preferred as it leads to more weight gain in ducks and less beak-related behaviour in ducks, but it is still successful in reducing feather pecking damage.

Keywords

Bill trimming,

behaviour,

performance,

welfare,

Mule ducks.

Authors’ Contribution

FAMA conceived and designed the study; collected and analysed data; performed experiments; wrote, and revised the paper.

How to cite

Ahmed, F.A.M., 2022. Method of Bill Trimming can Affect the Behaviour, Performance, and Welfare of Mule Duck. PSM Vet. Res., 7(1): 11-19.

REFERENCES

Aerni, V., El-Lethey, H., Wechsler, B., 2000. Effect of foraging material and food form on feather pecking in laying hens. Br. Poult. Sci., 41:16-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071660086349

Ali, Q., Mafeng, L., Anchun, C., 2020. Preventive Measures to Control the Feather Pecking Behaviour in Laying Hens. PSM Vet. Res., 5: 1-5.

Appleby, M.C., Mench, J.A., Hughes, B.O., 2004. Poultry behaviour and welfare. Cabi.

Ashraf, A., Alam, S., Iqbal, M., Irfan, M., Fadlalla, M., Ijaz, S., 2016. Estimation of iron in liver, gizzard, breast, and thigh muscles of broiler chicken. PSM Vet. Res., 1: 54-59.

Baker, P.E., Nicol, C.J., Weeks, C.A., 2022. The Effect of Hard Pecking Enrichment during Rear on Feather Cover, Feather Pecking Behaviour and Beak Length in Beak-Trimmed and Intact-Beak Laying Hen Pullets. Animals, 12: 674. DOI:10.3390/ani12060674

Bugiwati, S., Dagong, M., Rahim, L., 2021. Comparison of carcass and non-carcass characteristics of Local and Pekin ducks, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. IOP Publishing, pp. 012053. DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/886/1/012053

Campbell, C.L., Colton, S., Haas, R., Rice, M., Porter, A., Schenk, A., Meelker, A., Fraley, S.M., Fraley, G.S., 2015. Effects of different wavelengths of light on the biology, behavior, and production of grow-out Pekin ducks. Poult. Sci., 94: 17511757. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pev166

Chen, X., Shafer, D., Sifri, M., Lilburn, M., Karcher, D., Cherry, P., Wakenell, P., Fraley, S., Turk, M., Fraley, G.S., 2021. Centennial Review: History and husbandry recommendations for raising Pekin ducks in research or commercial production. Poult. Sci., 100: 101241-101253.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psj.2021.101241

Elshafaei, H.E., Sharaf, M.M., Rashed, R.R., El-kazaz, S.E., 2017. Consequences of Bill Trimming on Behavior, Welfare and Performance of Muscovy ducks. Alexandria J. Vet. Sci., 55: 124- 128. DOI:10.5455/ajvs.282690

FAO, 2017. Gateway to poultry production and products – Duck species, Rome.

Fijn, L.B., van der Staay, F.J., Goerlich-Jansson, V.C., Arndt, S.S., 2020. Importance of basic research on the causes of feather pecking in relation to welfare. Animals, 10: 213-226. DOI:10.3390/ani10020213

Gentle, M., McKeegan, D., 2007. Evaluation of the effects of infrared beak trimming in broiler breeder chicks. Vet. Record, 160: 145148. DOI:10.1136/vr.160.5.145

Gentle, M.J., 2011. Pain issues in poultry. Appl. Animal. Behav. Sci., 135: 252-258. DOI:10.1016/j.applanim.2011.10.023

Guesdon, V., Ahmed, A.M.H., Mallet, S., Faure, J.M., Nys, Y., 2006. Effects of beak trimming and cage design on laying hen performance and egg quality. Br. Poult. Sci., 47: 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071660500468124

Gustafson, L., Cheng, H.-W., Garner, J., Pajor, E., Mench, J., 2007. The effects of different bill-trimming methods on the well-being of Pekin ducks. Poult. Science, 86: 1831-1839. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/86.9.1831

Laganá, C., Pizzolante, C.C., Togashi, C.K., Kakimoto, S.K., Saldanha, É.S.P.B., Álvares, V., 2011. Influência de métodos de debicagem e do tipo de bebedouro no desempenho e na qualidade dos ovos de codornas japonesas. Rev. Bras. Zootec., 40: 1217-1221. DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982011000600009

Lucas, A.M.S.P.R.U.S.A.R.S.M.S.U.A.E.S., 1972. Avian anatomy: integument. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Patil, S.S., Shinduja, R., Suresh, K.P., Phukan, S., Kumar, S., Sengupta, P.P., G. Amachawadi, R., Raut, A., Roy, P., Syed, A., Marraiki, N., Elgorban, A.M., Al-Harthi, H.F., Bahkali, A.H., Shivamallu, C., Shiva Prasad, K., 2021. A systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of infectious diseases of Duck: A world perspective. Saudi J. Biol. Sci., 28: 5131-5144. DOI: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.05.034

Petrolli, T., Petrolli, O., Girardini, L., Zotti, M., Baggio, R., Junqueira, O., 2017. Effects of laser beak trimming on the development of brown layer pullets. Braz. J. Poult. Sci., 19: 123-128. DOI:10.1590/1806-9061-2016-0307

Pizzolante, C., Garcia, E.A., Saldanha, E., Laganá, C., Faitarone, A., Souza, H., Pelicia, K., 2007. Beak trimming methods and their effect on the performance and egg quality of Japanese quails (Coturnix japonica) during lay. Braz. J. Poult. Sci., 9: 17-21. DOI:10.1590/S1516635X2007000100003

Sandilands, V., Powell, K., Keeling, L., Savory, J., 2004. Preen gland function in layer fowls: Factors affecting preen oil fatty acid composition. Br. Poult. Sci., 45: 109-15. DOI: 10.1080/00071660410001668932

Tai, C., Tai, J.-J.L., 2001. Future prospects of duck production in Asia. The J. Poult. Sci., 38: 99-112. DOI https://doi.org/10.2141/jpsa.38.99

Tauson, R., Ambrosen, T., Elwinger, K., 1984. Evaluation of procedures for scoring the integument of laying hens—Independent scoring of plumage condition. Acta Agric. Scand., 34: 400-408. https://doi.org/10.1080/00015128409435409

Trainor, P.A., 2005. Specification of neural crest cell formation and migration in mouse embryos, Semin. Cell Dev. Biol. Elsevier, pp. 683-693. DOI: 10.1016/j.semcdb.2005.06.007

Vieira Filho, J.A., Garcia, E.A., Oba, E., Santos, T.A.d., Silva, A.P., Molino, A.B., Paz, I.C.d.L.A., Baldo, G.A.d.A., 2016. Índice produtivo e qualidade de ovos de galinhas poedeiras submetidas a diferentes métodos de debicagem. Pesqui. Agropecu. Bras., 51: 759-765. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2016000600008 Yakout, A., 2004. Certain Biochemical Studies on The Effect of Force Feeding in Pekin Ducks, First Sci. Conf., September, pp. 1-4.