Genital Diseases are a Serious Limitation to Animal Reproduction

Author's: Asfa Ashraf1,2*, Muhammad Naeem Iqbal2,3
Authors' Affiliations
1The School of Life Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350117, China.2Pakistan Science Mission (PSM), Narowal (Noor Kot 51770), Pakistan.3The School of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China.*CorrespondenceAsfa Ashraf, PSM Editorial Office, Pakistan Science Mission (PSM), Narowal (Noor Kot 51770),
Article Type: Perspective     Published: Mar. 31, 2021 Pages: 16-18
DOI:        Views 493       Downloads 0


Livestock production is an important component of agriculture and performs a very supportive economic role. Reproductive disorders of the animals cause great economic problems. Several diseases which infect small ruminants result in abortion or reduced fertility. Infertility is a major cause of economic losses and a major limitation to the achievement of optimum efficiency in the livestock production system. In this issue, Kouamo et al. (2021) report a prevalence rate of 37.3% for genital tract abnormalities in sows. In a previous study, Kouamo and Asongafec (2020) reported a high prevalence of genital tract abnormalities in does and ewes. The most pressing constraint on livestock reproduction is reproductive disorders. The development of reproductive techniques is directed to ensure the application of more intensive systems of production and to facilitate the genetic improvement of the productive characteristics of the flock.


Livestock production, genital diseases, Abortion or reduced fertility.

How to cite

Ashraf, A., Iqbal, M.N., 2021. Genital Diseases are a Serious Limitation to Animal Reproduction. PSM Vet. Res., 6(1): 16-18.