Scientific Contribution of PSM during the Year 2016

Pakistan Science Mission (PSM) is celebrating its 2nd year of success. It was hard time to organize all the things and bring this dream into existence. PSM is highly thankful to all advisers, leadership members and editors for their moral support and volunteer contribution for this noble task. PSM is working to promote science and technology with the following objectives.

  • To promote student interest and strengthen interdisciplinary research.
  • Enhance communication among scientists, researchers, teachers, students and public.
  • To provide an avenue to young researchers for high quality publications.
  • To provide resources for young researchers to pursue opportunities.
  • To conserve the environment and nature on which all life depends.
  • To create lasting solutions to poverty, illness, and social injustice.

Achievements 2016


During the year PSM has published the following journals providing free publications to researchers across the globe.

PSM Biological Research covers all areas of Life Sciences and allied sciences but not limited to: Biological Sciences, Agricultural Science, Animal Science, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Environmental Science, Ecology, Developmental Biology, Biodiversity and Conservation, Entomology, Microbiology, Immunology, Neuroscience, Marine Biology, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pharmaceutical Science, Veterinary Science, Infectious diseases, Public health, Biomedical research and Biomedical engineering.

PSM Veterinary Research covers all areas of Veterinary Sciences but not limited to: Animal Science, Poultry Science, Animal Nutrition, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pharmaceutical Science, Veterinary Science, Veterinary Medicine.

PSM Microbiology covers all areas of life sciences but not limited to: Medical Microbiology, Immunology, Virology, Bacteriology, Applied Microbiology, Mycology, Pathogenic Biology, Microbial Ecology, Microbial Evolution, Physiology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, Genomics, Proteomics, Environmental and Soil Sciences, Plant Pathology, Plant-Microbe Interactions, Bioinformatics, Biomedical Sciences, Food Science and Zoology.

International Journal of Alternative Fuels and Energy covers all all areas of alternative energy sources and allied engineering sciences not limited to: Biofuels, Wind Energy, Solar Energy, Photovoltaics, Tidal Energy, Wave Energy, Marine Energy, Geothermal Energy, Hydrogen Energy, Fuel cells, Chemistry, Allied Engineering Sciences, Physics, Agricultural Engineering , Biological & Bio system Engineering, Forestry Engineering, Materials Engineering, Water Resource Engineering, Mineral & Metallurgical Engineering, Engineering Management, Bio mechanical Engineering, Engineering Technology and Nanotechnology.

Conferences Partners:

During the year PSM has served voluntarily as conference partner in the following conferences with the aim of providing access to researchers.

4th International Conference: Nanotechnology, Biotechnology and Spectroscopy

1st International Conference on Alternative Fuels: Future and Challenges

The First International Conference on Fungal Conservation in the Middle East and North of Africa

14th World Cancer Convetion


Workshops and Events:

PSM has served as partner to organize some events,

Workshop for Scientific Research held in Egypt

The First Scientific Day of Faculty of Pharmacy (Girls) Al-Azhar University, Egypt

Science Lab awareness events at School level

Public health awareness events


PSM is serving voluntarily as a platform to uplift science and technology linking researchers across the globe. We would also like to congratulate all the team members of PSM who worked very hard towards fulfilment of the objectives of this association. We hope to expand our services to better serve humanity.

Best regards

Chairman PSM

Aquaculture Techniques in Use Worldwide

The concept of aquaponics, including a brief history of its development and its place within the larger category of soil-less culture and modern agriculture. It discusses the main theoretical concepts of aquaponics. It then moves on to cover important considerations of water quality parameters, water testing, and water sourcing for aquaponics, as well as methods and theories of unit design, including the three main methods of aquaponic systems: media beds, nutrient film technique, and deep water culture.

Traditional agriculture is having trouble, water supplies are running out and food demand is only increasing, and there is also a growing demand for crops grown without the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Just because we’ve always done things one way, doesn’t mean that’s the best way. This is true of many things in life, and as technology advances many things change. Technological advancements have been very beneficial to the world in terms of food production. Recently though,there has been a radical new approach to growing produce, aquaponics. With aquaponics the need for soil is completely eliminated, and the need for chemical fertilizers is also eliminated.
Aquaponics is a method of growing plants, particularly vegetables, in a soilless medium where all the nutrients that the plants require to grow are provided via water that is circulated around the plants root systems. This process differs from hydroponics due to its use of fish to provide the essential nutrients instead of manufactured hydroponic fertilizers. The use of fish to grow plants in aquaponics also has the added benefit of providing fish to harvest as well as plants. Aquaponics is essentially the combination of aquaculture (farming fish), and hydroponics (growing plants in a water based medium).
The secret to aquaponics is bacteria. An aquaponic system is an almost entirely closed loop system where the only inputs to the system are fish food and sunlight. When the fish feed they produce waste which is primarily ammonia which is water soluble and begins to cycle through the aquaponics system. This ammonia is toxic to the fish and useless to the plants.

This is where bacteria come into play, naturally occurring nitrosomona bacteria use oxygen to convert ammonia into nitrite and then nitrobacteria convert the nitrite into the nitrate that the plants need in order to thrive. This nitrate is harmless to the fish and required by the plants and the key to the success of aquaponics. This nitrate is what functions as the plants source of nitrogen and thus what eliminates the need for fertilizers to be added.
There are several types of aquaponic systems, each has its own advantages and Disadvantages but media filled beds tend to be the most popular for home gardeners, Nutrient film technique and deep water culture tend to be used more in commercial Operations. These beds can either be set up to flood to a set level, drain, and then repeat, or as a constant flow which holds the water at a steady level and fills at the same rate it drains. The final option is deep water culture. This method uses large volumes of water pumped from fish aquariums into long troughs that are kept at a constant level and plant are suspended above the water.