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Guide For Journal Authors


International Journal of Alternative Fuels and Energy (IJAFE) is an open access, multidisciplinary, peer-reviewed, international Journal that provides rapid publication of research articles, review articles, mini-reviews, short communications, data analysis, case reports, editorials, opinions, letter to editor, symposium, commentaries, conceptual paper, proceedings and newsletter on all aspects of alternative energy sources and allied engineering sciences.

The submitted articles should not be published and/or considered for publication elsewhere in the world in any form.

Each author must have participated sufficiently, intellectually or practically, in the work to take public responsibility for the content of the article, including the conception, design, and conduct of the experiment, and for the data interpretation.

All authors must sign a statement agreeing to all the requirements for authorship with the transfer of copyright.  

The submitted manuscripts are being evaluated for Similarity Index using appropriate software so the authors must take care of plagiarism while copying text from other articles and materials.

Potential Reviewers:

Authors are invited to provide three to four names of well qualified relevant reviewers, with their complete details (designation, institute, postal address, telephone, fax, and current e-mail IDs).

Types of Papers Published:

Full length articles:

The length of a full paper should be concise, required to describe and interpret the work clearly. The main paper should include a set of key words (3-6) ; an Abstract (200-300 words),  followed by (1) Introduction, (2) Materials and Methods, (3) Results, (4) Discussion, (5) Acknowledgments (6) References. Tables and figures must be at the end of manuscript.

Short Communications:

Short Communications are limited to a maximum of 1500-2500 words. The items of manuscript preparation listed above apply to Short Communications with the following differences: (1) Abstracts are limited to 100-200 words; (2) instead of a separate Materials and Methods section, experimental procedures may be incorporated into Figure Legends and Table footnotes; (3) Results and Discussion should be combined into a single section.

Review or mini-review:

A review article typically presents a summary and critical evaluation of information that has already been published, and considers the progress of current research toward clarifying a stated problem or topic. Submissions of reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and should be authoritative.

Case Studies:

Case Studies include original case reports that will deepen the understanding of general medical knowledge.

Data analysis, Editorials, Opinions, Letter to editor, Symposium, Commentaries, Conceptual paper, Proceedings and Newsletter are also published.

Style of manuscript:

Text formatting:

Font: Arial

Font Size: 12

Line spacing: 1.5

The journal‘s language is English:

Manuscript should be written in clear, concise and grammatically correct English. Indent new paragraphs. The manuscript should be presented in the following order:

Title page: 

This should contain:

  • Title for the article along with the running title
  • Name(s) of author(s), their academic qualifications and current affiliations
  • Number of table(s) and figure(s) in the manuscript
  • Name, mailing and e-mail addresses of the corresponding author
  • Acknowledgement of financial support, if any

The title represents the subject matter of the manuscript. The title should be brief and comprehensive.


Original research articles must include a structured abstract that contains no more than 300 words, is written in complete sentences, and should detail the problems, experimental approach, major findings and conclusion in one paragraph and should appear on the second page. Avoid abbreviation, diagram and references in the abstract.


Author(s) must give key words (3 to 6) which can identify the most important subjects covered by the paper. They must be placed at the end of the abstract.


Clearly state the purpose of the article. Summarize the rationale and background for the study or observation, giving only strictly pertinent references. Do not include methods, data, results, or conclusions from the work being reported. 

Materials and methods:

Provide sufficient details of the techniques employed to enable the work to be repeated. Do not describe or refer to commonplace statistical tests in this section but allude to them briefly in Results.


Present your results in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and figures. Do not present specifics of data more than once and do not duplicate data from tables or figures in the text; emphasize or summarize only important observations. Do not present data from individual subjects except for very compelling reasons. Report losses to observation (such as dropouts from a clinical trial). Use boldface for the first mention of each table or figure.


The purpose of the discussion is to present a brief and pertinent interpretation of the results against the background of existing knowledge. Normally a comparison between your results and results from previous works should be given in the Discussion.


Any assumptions on which conclusions are based must be stated clearly. The main conclusions should be conveyed in a final paragraph with a clear statement of how the study advances knowledge and understanding in the field.


Acknowledge only persons who have made substantive contributions to the study. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission from everyone acknowledged by name and for providing to the Editor a copy of the permission, if requested. Authors must disclose any financial or personal relationships with the company or organization sponsoring the research at the time the research was done. 


This information must also be inserted into your manuscript under the acknowledgements section with the headings below. If you have no declaration to make please insert the following statements into your manuscript:

Funding: None

Conflict of interest: None declared


At the end of the article, a list of references should be included. The authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the references and their citations in the text.

Reference style:

In the manuscript text should be cited as author name followed by year of publication within bracket as:

  1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication e.g. (Iqbal, 2016);
  2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication e.g. (Iqbal and Ashraf, 2015);
  3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.,' and the year of publication e.g. (Iqbal et al., 2016).

If an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like ’a‘ and ’b‘ after the date to distinguish the works, "as demonstrated (Allan, 1996a, 1996b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1995)".

References should be arranged alphabetically by authors' names. If more than 6 authors then first 6 may be listed followed by ‘et al.,’ Use journal names as abbreviated.

Reference to a journal publication:

Journal article with DOI:

Hamer, M., Steptoe, A., 2009. Prospective study of physical fitness, adiposity, and inflammatory markers in healthy middle-aged men and women. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 89(1): 85-89. doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.26779

Standard journal article:

Jeffery, R.W., Wing, R.R., Sherwood, N.E., Tate, D.F., 2003. Physical activity and weight loss: does prescribing higher physical activity goals improve outcome? Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 78(1): 684-9.

Corporate author:

Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 2004. Care for your kitten. 3rd ed. Harper Collins, London.

Reference to a book and monographs:

Personal authors:

Shils, M., Shike, M., Olson, J., Ross, A.C., 1998. Modern nutrition in health and disease. 9th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.

Committee report or corporate author:

Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, 2000. Dietary reference intakes for vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium and carotenoids. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

Chapter in book:

Young, V.R., Tharakan, J.F., 2004. Nutritional essentiality of amino acids and amino acid requirements in healthy adults. 2nd. ed. In: Cynober LA, ed. Metabolic and therapeutic aspects of amino acids in clinical nutrition. FL: CRC Press, Boca Raton, 439-70.

Internet references:


National Center for Health Statistics. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Version current 1 October 2003. Internet: (accessed 13 October 2003).

Online journal article:

Sinha, A., Madden, J., Ross-Degnan, D., Soumerai, S., Platt, R., 2003. Reduced risk of neonatal respiratory infections among breastfed girls but not boys. Pediatrics [serial online],112:e303. Internet: (accessed 14 October 2003).


Each table should be on a separate page, numbered and accompanied by a legend at the top. They should be referred to in the text as Table 1, etc. Do not present the same data in both figure and table form or repeat large numbers of values from Tables in the text.


Figures and their legends should be grouped together at the end of the paper, before the appendices (if present). If figures have been supplied as a list at the end of the text file, they should appear above their respective legend. The word figures should be abbreviated in the text (e.g. Fig. 1; Figs. 2 and 3), except when starting a sentence. Photographic illustrations should also be referred to as Figures.

Appendices / Supporting information: 

Please note that supporting information may be published in electronic form. The supporting information may include figures, tables, appendices, material and methods part.  Supplementary material can be provided in the same manuscript file at the end of manuscript after tables and figures.

Symbols and Abbreviations:

Abbreviations and symbols must be standard. SI units should be used throughout, except for blood pressure values which should be reported in mm Hg. Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.


Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data).


The copyrights of the published manuscripts belong to PSM Publishers.


Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors. By submitting a manuscript to the editor or publisher you are deemed to have granted permission to publish the manuscript.


Upon satisfactory revision and acceptance, the proofs will be sent to authors for correction through E-mail, if required. The authors are requested to return the manuscript with minor changes within a week.


As the journal is available online, no hard copy will be provided to the corresponding author on publication of his/her manuscript. The manuscript will be available freely from net where it can be downloaded from anywhere. However, if required, the colored prints will be available upon payment.

Open access:

Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse. Open Access by PSM Publishers is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Based on a work at

Free Publication:

International Journal of Alternative Fuels and Energy (IJAFE) will provide free publication to young researchers and scholars.

Manuscript Submission:

All papers for submission along with cover letter should be sent as a Microsoft Word File via online submission link

or via attachment to the email 

Pre-submission checklist:

In order to reduce the chance of your manuscript being returned to you, please check:

  • Cover letter
  • Author information
  • Manuscript length and formatting
  • Tables
  • Figures
  • References
  • Supplementary files and appendices
  • Statements
  • Research reporting checklists
  • Permissions
  • Reviewers