Hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus are two major public health problems in the country. The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in different areas of District Malakand. A total of 280 individuals were bled. Primary screenings were performed by using ICT SD Strip for anti HCV and anti-HBsAg. The final diagnosis of hepatitis was done using Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. Anti HCV was found positive in 30 (10.71%), HBs Ag was positive in 27 (9.64%) and no record were found in individuals having both conditions. This study showed a similar prevalence of HCV and HBV infection in blood donors. The prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus can be minimized by the screening of all donors for anti-HCV and HBs Ag and discouraging the use of unsterilized syringes.
Keywords: Hepatitis, HBV, HCV, Anti-HCV and HBsAg, Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.
Cite this article: Kalim, M., Imran, M., Hussain, F., Khan, IU., Habib, N., Iqbal, M.N, Ashraf, A., 2017. Detection of HBV and HCV by ICT and ELISA Method in Different Areas of District Malakand. PSM Microbiol., 2(1): 5-8.Full Text