Heading from the fact that Yemenis consumers bother more about quantity and less about quality as a result they buy the product without considering health implications, this study concerned with the microbial analysis of 25 samples of sun-dried fish (Wazef) collected randomly from three different Yemeni cities. The bacterial count ranged from 1.4×102 - 4.6×105 cfu/g, while fungal counts ranged from 1.1×101 - 7.2×103 cfu/g. Ten bacterial species were obtained that belonged to 8 genera; Klebsiella, Bacillus, Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, Serratia, E. coli, Streotococcus, and Lactobacillus, from which Klebsiella was the most dominant with a frequency of 28% of the samples. The mycological analysis revealed the presence of 26 fungal species in samples which belonged to 11 genera; Alternaria, Aspergillus, Eurotium, Hemicola, Mucor, Penicillium, Rhizopus, Scopulariopsis, Trichophyton, Trichoderma and yeasts, from which M. racemosus and Rhizopus stolonifer were the most dominant with an equivalent presence (84%) of samples. Findings of this study will increase the knowledge base towards adoption of improved handling and drying methods hence minimize microbial growth and possible contamination in the dried fish sector.
Wazef, Sun-dried fish, Microbial status, Total count, Clupeiformes, Yemen.
Shamsan, E.F., Al-Jobory, H.J., 2018. Microbial Status of Sun-Dried Fish (Wazef) Sold in Different Yemeni Markets. PSM Biol. Res., 3(1): 1-8.