Study of Proximate Composition of Some Wild and Farmed Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala Fishes
The proximate composition of farmed and wild Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala was determined to identify nutritional differences due to habitat change. Thirty (30) fishes in total from wild and farm raised population of size group (700-1000 gm) were collected from Head Qadirabad River Chenab, Head Rasul River Jehulm and Army Fish Farm, Lahore. Fish samples were analyzed for protein, fat, moisture and ash. The chemical composition of two fish species collected from different sources was compared and the difference was observed. Elevated levels of protein and low fat contents were observed in the farmed fishes. The moisture and ash contents were higher in both wild and farmed fishes, respectively. It is concluded the farmed fish is nutritionally better than wild irrespective of the species.
Labeo rohita, Cirrhinus mrigala, FQCL, River Jehulm. River Chenab, Protein.
Hadyait, M.I., Ali, A., Bhatti, E.M., Qayyum, A., Ullah, M.Z., 2018. Study of Proximate Composition of Some Wild and Farmed Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala Fishes. PSM Biol. Res., 3(1): 34-38.
AOAC. 2012. Official methods of analysis of AOAC International (17th ed.). Gaithersburg, MD. USA.
Arts, M.T., Ackman, R.G ., Holub, B.J., 2001. Essential fatty acids in aquatic ecosystems: a crucial link between diet and human health and evolution. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 58(1): 122-137.
Chakraborty, S., Brahma, B.K., Goyal, A.K., 2016. Proximate composition of three small indigenous fish Species encountered in the local fish market of Kokrajhar, BTAD, Assam. Indi. J. Appl. Res., 5 (10): 712-714.
Chan, L.L.H., 2015. Increasing fish consumption in women of child-bearing age: an evaluation of risks and benefitsThesis, Flinders University.
Chrisolite, B., Shanmugam, S., Arumugam, S.S.S., 2015. Proximate and mineral composition of fifteen freshwater fishes of Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu. J. Aquacult. Trop., 30(1/2): 33.
Petricorena, C.Z., 2015. Chemical Composition of Fish and Fishery Products. Handbook of Food Chemistry.
Craig, J., Smiley, K., Babaluk, J., 1989. Changes in the body composition with age of goldeye, Hiodon alosoides. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 46(5): 853-858.
FAO. 2014. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Fawole, O., Ogundiran, M., Ayandiran, T., Olagunju O., 2007. Proximate and mineral composition in some selected fresh water fishes in Nigeria. Inter. J. Food Safety, 9(1): 52-55.
Franzese, C. J., Bliden, K. P., Gesheff, M.G., Pandya, S., Guyer, K.E., Singla A., Tantry, U.S., Toth, P.P., Gurbel, P.A., 2015. Relation of fish oil supplementation to markers of atherothrombotic risk in patients with cardiovascular disease not receiving lipid-lowering therapy. Am. J. Cardio., 115(9): 1204-1211.
Froese, R., 2006. Cube law, condition factor and weight–length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 22(4): 241-253.
Gershanovich, A., Markevich, N., Dergaleva, Z.T., 1984. Using the condition factor in ichthyological research. J. Ichthyol., 24(3): 78-90.
Giacalone, V.M., D’anna, G., Badalamenti, F., Pipitone, C., 2010. Weight-length relationships and condition factor trends for thirty-eight fish species in trawled and untrawled areas off the coast of northern Sicily (central Mediterranean Sea). J. Appl. Ichthyol., 26(6): 954-957.
Gupta, B. K., Sarkar, U. K., Bhardwaj, S.K., Pal, A., 2010. Condition factor, length–weight and length–length relationships of an endangered fish Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822) (Siluriformes: Siluridae) from the River Gomti, a tributary of the River Ganga, India. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 27(3): 962–964.
Gupta, B. K., Sarkar, U.K., Bhardwaj, S.K., Pal , A., 2011. Condition factor, length–weight and length–length relationships of an endangered fish Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822) (Siluriformes: Siluridae) from the River Gomti, a tributary of the River Ganga, India. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 27(3): 962-964.
Hassan, M., Javed, M., 1999. Length-weight Relationships and Condition Factor Studies in Three Major Carps Reared under Integrated Polyculture System. Pak. J. Bio. Sci., 2(4): 1620-1622.
Javaid, M., Salam, A., Khan, M., Naeem, M., 1992. Weight-length and condition factor relationship of a fresh water wild Mahaseer (Tor putitora) from Islamabad (Pakistan). Proc. Proc. Pak. Cong. Zool., 6(2): 335-340.
Karlsson, T., Strand, E., Drevon, C. A., Dierkes, J., Nygård, O., 2015. Fish Intake and Incident Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. Clin. Nutr., (34) : S23-S24.
Koundal, A., Dhanze, R., Sharma, I., 2014. Length-weight relationship, condition factor and relative growth patterns of Channa punctata (Bloch) from Himachal Pradesh, India. Mag. Zoo Outreach Organiz., 25.
Lim, W.Y., Chong, M. P., Calder, C., Kwek, K., Chong, Y.S., Gluckman, P.D., Godfrey, K.M., Saw, S.M., Pan, A., 2015. Relations of Plasma Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids With Blood Pressures During the 26th and 28th Week of Gestation in Women of Chinese, Malay, and Indian Ethnicity. Medici. (Baltimore)., 94(9): 1-9.
Limin, L., Feng, X., Jing, H., 2006. Amino acids composition difference and nutritive evaluation of the muscle of five species of marine fish, Pseudosciaena crocea (large yellow croaker), Lateolabrax japonicus (common sea perch), Pagrosomus major (red seabream), Seriola dumerili (Dumeril’s amberjack) and Hapalogenys nitens (black grunt) from Xiamen Bay of China. Aquac. Nutr., 12(1): 53-59.
Merdzhanova, A., Dobreva, D., Stancheva, M., 2015. Quality evaluation of dietry lipid of Channel Catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) from Bulgaria. Bulgari. J. Agricult. Sci., 21(1): 202-207.
Mohammed, M. O., Alim, D. I., 2012. Amino acids contents of four commercial Nile fishes in Sudan. Afri. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 6(2): 142-145.
Nestel, P. J., 2000. Fish oil and cardiovascular disease: lipids and arterial function. The Am. J. Clinic. Nutri., 71(1): 228S-231S.
Oduor-Odote, P., Kazungu, J., 2008. The body composition of low value fish and their preparation into a higher value snack food. W. Indi. Ocean J. Marine Sci., 7(1): 111-117.
Petricorena, Z.C., 2014. Chemical Composition of Fish and Fishery Products.
Saliu, J.K., Joy, O., Catherine, O., 2007. Condition factor, fat and protein content of five fish species in Lekki Lagoon, Nigeria. Life Sci. J., 4(2): 54-57.
Tahir, T.S., 2003. Total protein and amino acid profile of mussle, liver and gonads from wild and farmed Labeo rohita. M.Sc. thesis. G.C.Uni., Faisal. Pak.,105.
Torstensen, B.E., Bell, J.G., Rosenlund, G., Henderson, R. J., Graff, I.E., Tocher, D.R., Lie, O., Sargent , J.R., 2005. Tailoring of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) flesh lipid composition and sensory quality by replacing fish oil with a vegetable oil blend. J. Agric. Food Chem., 53(26): 10166-10178.
Author: Muhammad Arfan Hadyait, Asif Ali, Ehsan Mahmood Bhatti, Aroosa Qayyum, Muhammad Zafar Ullah
Published Online: Jan. 31, 2018
Article Type: Research Article